English Language Arts Standards » Language » Kindergarten

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Standards in this strand:

Conventions of Standard English:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.a
Print many upper- and lowercase letters.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.b
Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.c
Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.d
Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.e
Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1.f
Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2.a
Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2.b
Recognize and name end punctuation.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2.c
Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2.d
Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

Knowledge of Language:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.3
(L.K.3 begins in grade 2)

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4.a
Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4.b
Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5
With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5.a
Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5.b
Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5.c
Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5.d
Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.6
Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.