English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Foundational Skills » Kindergarten

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Standards in this strand:

Print Concepts:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1
Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1.a
Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1.b
Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1.c
Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.1.d
Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

Phonological Awareness:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2.a
Recognize and produce rhyming words.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2.b
Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2.c
Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2.d
Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2.e
Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

Phonics and Word Recognition:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3.a
Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3.b
Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3.c
Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3.d
Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

Fluency:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.4
Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.